What is General Surgery?
General surgery is a surgical speciality discipline that requires knowledge of and responsibility for the preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of patients with a broad spectrum of diseases, including those which may require nonoperative, elective, or emergency surgical treatment.
Surgery requires knowledge of anatomy, emergency and intensive care, immunology, metabolism, nutrition, pathology, physiology, shock and resuscitation, and wound healing.
- Some of the common surgical procedures carried out by General Surgeons are:
- Alimentary Tract (esophagus and related organs)
- Abdomen and its Contents
- Breast, Skin and Soft Tissue
- Endocrine System
- Head and neck surgery
- Pediatric surgery
- Transplants and vascular surgery
In addition, general surgery also deals with
- Surgical Critical Care
- Surgical Oncology
- Trauma and Burns
What is the role of a General Surgeon?
General surgeons employ a wide range of knowledge and skills to perform surgery, often in emergency situations. These surgical procedures are carried out to remove disease, repair injuries, and promote health and healing. They also perform diagnostic tests and provide guidance on the need for surgery. These doctors might be called on to perform surgery on almost any part of the body.
The surgeon takes a medical history and performs a detailed physical examination of the patient, then makes a diagnosis based on the information obtained. A treatment plan specific to the patient is then developed to incorporate the findings.