What is ENT care?
ENT is a medical abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A doctor who specializes in treating ENT disorders may be referred to simply as an “ENT,” however, the proper name for this is an otolaryngologist.
Dysfunction of the ears, nose or throat can dramatically affect your quality of life and in some cases may constitute a medical emergency. Some of the common ailments include:
- Hearing loss and ear disorders
- Congenital (present at birth) or acquired abnormalities (e.g., cleft palate, cleft lip, deviated septum, drooping eyelids, loss of smell)
- Swallowing disorders
- Speech disorders (e.g., hoarseness, laryngitis)
- Benign (non-cancerous) growths and malignant (cancerous) tumors of the nose, sinuses, mouth, throat, larynx, upper esophagus, thyroid gland and parathyroid (e.g., nasal polyps, head and neck cancer)
- Certain nerve disorders (e.g., Bell’s palsy)
- Sleep disorders
Common procedures undertaken include tympanoplasty, mastoidectomy, endoscopic sinus surgery, thyroidectomy, rhinoplasty and salivary gland surgery. Tertiary referral centres undertake cochlear implantation, resection of head and neck cancers, skull base surgery and complex airway surgery.