What is Dermatology?
Dermatology is specialized area of medicine concerning the health of the largest organ in the body, skin. It also deals with diseases of the hair, nails, and mucous membranes.
The skin is essential to protecting our interior organs, muscles, nerves and blood vessels.It is also the first line of defense against bacteria and injury, and often reflects overall health. The skin is also at constant risk of exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun, bacteria and other disease carrying vectors.
What is the role of a Dermatologist?
A dermatologist, advises patients on appropriate care of the skin, hair and tissue. They diagnose and treat skin disorders and injuries like warts, rashes, burns. Dermatologists also possess expertise in basic sciences including microbiology, pathology, biochemistry, physics, physiology, and endocrinology and are called on to consult other departments because skin diseases are often associated with internal conditions.
Dermatologists perform skin surgery in many situations:
- To prevent or provide early control of disease, eg remove skin cancer.
- To improve the skin’s appearance by removing growths, discolourations, or damage caused by ageing, sunlight or disease.
- To establish a definite diagnosis (biopsy).